Mutation is the change of title ownership from one person to another when the property is sold or transferred. By mutating a property, the new owner gets the property recorded on his name in the land revenue department and the government is able to charge property tax from the rightful owner. The documentation procedure and the fee payable vary from state to state.
Mutation of a property should ideally be taken every six months from the revenue office in order to check for any wrongful transaction on the property. Updation of revenue records should be applied in case the property has been bought through a registered Power of Attorney, as it transfers the ownership from the seller to the buyer.
In case of ownership related to land, mutation is considered a vital document. To apply for mutation, an application to the tehsildar of the area has to be given on a plain paper along with the required value of a non-judicial stamp paper.