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Rivers & Drains

The Sutlej and its tributary, the budha nallah constitute the chief Hydrographic features of the district. A brief description of these is as follows.

River Sutlej:

It takes its origin from Mansarovar Lake in the Tibbet (China). After flowing through Himachal Pradesh territory,it debouches from the Shivaliks. Just about Rupnagar, some 32 Km East of the boundary of Samrala Tehsil and it flows due west along the top of the district, for some 96 Km and turns, as it leaves Jagraon tehsil slightly to north towards its junction with Beas at Harike during its journey along the district. It maintain and east west direction. It has been a devastating during its flooding fury. The Sutlej has experienced a westward drift during recent times. The old towns villages of Behlolpur, Machhiwara, Koom Kalan etc. were built on its banks. The river has since been dammed at Bhakhra which has considerably checked its flooding menace in the district.

Budha Nallah:

It runs parallel to Sutlej, on its south for fairly large section of its course in the district and ultimately joins Sutlej at Gorsian Kadar Baksh in the north western corner of the district. It is a flooding stream during the rainy season but in the dry season it can be crossed on foot at certain points. Ludhiana and Machhiwara are situated to the south of the Budha Nallah . The water of the stream becomes polluted after it enters Ludhiana City.